Keywords are words or phrases that encapsulate the ideas of your topic. All library searches use keywords instead of sentences.
For example: If you were researching the effectiveness of using social media for market branding, your keywords would be SOCIAL MEDIA and BRANDING.
By using these keywords, all of the resources you found would mention social media and branding somewhere in the article.
An essential step in searching is finding synonyms and related terms for your keywords. A synonym is a word with the same or nearly the same meaning as another word. At the same time, a related term will help you find articles related to your topic, but from a different perspective.
Authors may use a variety of terms to describe the same thing. For instance, one may refer to a car, another to a motor vehicle, and yet another to an automobile. Yet they are all talking about the same thing. Additionally, when discussing diversity in the workforce, authors might talk about socioeconomic status, ethnicity, race, gender, or educational background. However, Computers will only search for the term you enter.
Before you start searching, try thinking of some synonyms and related terms.
这里有些例子 / Here are some examples：
|您的关键字 / Your Keyword||同义词 / Synonym(s)||相关术语 / Related Terms|
|work||job, career||employment, labor|
|woman||girl, female, women||Feminism, "gender identity"|
|diversity||variety, difference||ethnicity, race, "socioeconomic background"|
|"social media"||Facebook, Twitter, WeChat||"online community", "personal data"|
Thesaurus.com : 世界上最大的和最值得信赖的免费在线同义词库。/ The world's largest and most trusted free online thesaurus.
If you are having trouble finding related terms, consult your textbook or ask your professor.
布尔运算符更改关键字在搜索中彼此交互的方式。您最常使用的两个布尔运算符是单词 AND 和 OR。
在搜索中使用 AND 查找包含所有术语的文章。这允许您缩小结果范围。
在搜索中使用 OR 连接两个或多个类似的概念（同义词），并扩大您的搜索结果。
When you are searching for multiple sets of keywords, use Boolean Operators. Most professional researchers use Boolean operators.
Boolean operators change how your keywords interact with each other in a search. The two Boolean operators you will use most often are the words AND and OR.
Use AND in a search to find articles that include all of your terms. This allows you to narrow your results.
Use OR in a search to connect two or more similar concepts (synonyms), and broaden your results.
Limiters act like the filters on the left side of the page in a Baidu Scholar search. When you have thousands of search results, selecting various limiters allows you to filter your returns to something more manageable. Some filters include publication date, subject, resource type, and many other criteria.
The most common limiters at FHSU are Full-Text and Peer-Review.
Full-text will limit your returns to articles that the library can immediately access.
Peer-review will limit your returns to scholarly articles written by experts and published in peer-review journals. When your professor tells you to find a "scholarly article," they usually want you to find an article that is Peer-Reviewed.
A scholarly article is an article written by a scholar or professional in the field with advanced degrees. Often, these articles report research results and are published in peer-review journals. They are generally reliable sources of information. In appearance, they tend to look serious, contain professional jargon, and include graphs and charts.
This glossary is a list of words that you may hear in the library or see on our website.
|Abstract||提要||A paragraph that tells you briefly what an article will talk about|
|Archives||档案||A place that stores resources such as documents, files, or objects|
|Article||文章||A piece of non-fiction text that is published in a periodical|
|Attachment||附件||A computer file linked to an email message|
|Author||作者||The creator of an information resource|
|Bibliography||书目||A list of information resources used to write a research paper|
A way to connect keywords when searching for information.
Use AND to reduce your search results (e.g. leadership AND teamwork).
Use OR to increase your search results (e.g. leadership OR management).
Use NOT to find better related results (e.g. soccer NOT football).
|Call number||索书号||A code that labels a resource to make it easier to find|
|Catalog||目录||A searchable list of items in the library collection.|
|Check-out||借出||To take out or borrow a resource from the library|
A reference which lists the bibliographic details of the material paraphrased or quoted in your research.
The reference provides information such as title, author, journal title, volume, issue, publisher and date of publication so as to identify
the specific resource used.
|Course reserve||课程指定教材||Resources your teacher puts in the library or you to access temporarily|
|Database||数据库||Large, electronic collections of information sources like academic journals, newspapers and magazines, ebooks, videos, and more|
|eBook (or Electronic book)||电子书||A book in digital or electronic form|
|Editor||编者||The person who reviews and checks the content of a resource before it's published. The editor checks the information for quality and accuracy.|
|Encyclopedia||百科全书||A reference tool containing brief articles on a variety of topics|
|Hyperlink||超级连接||A website address that you click on to go to that website|
|Index||索引||(1) Similar to a database, a printed or electronic publication made up of citations to periodical articles or books by subject and/or author. Periodical indexes may include abstracts that summarize the material that is listed. See also bibliography. (2) A list of names or topics usually found at the end of a publication, directing you to the page where the names and topics are discussed.|
|Interlibrary services/loan||馆际互借||A system of borrowing resources from other libraries|
|Journal||期刊||A periodical that gives you information from research or a study in a particular field|
|Keyword search||To use a specific term to conduct a search in a database on the web|
|Link||链接||A word, phrase or picture that connects you to another web site or page when you click on it|
|Magazine||杂志||A popular interest periodical containing articles on many different topics; not scholarly|
|Newspaper||报纸||A regularly published printed daily or weekly; not scholarly|
|Paraphrase||意译||To write the information in your own words|
| PDF 便携文档
|Portable document format; the full-text of an article is often this type of digital file|
|Peer-reviewed||同级评审的||A scholarly article that was evaluated when submitted for publication in a journal|
|Periodical||连续出版物||Publications such as journals, magazines, and newspapers|
|Permalink||固定链接||A consistent link to an item record|
|Plagiarism||抄袭||When the work and ideas of another writer are used or copied as if it were your own; stealing|
|Primary source||原始资料||1. An original, firsthand document or record. 2. A document outlining original research, such as an experiment, survey, or case study.|
|Reference materials||参考咨询||Resources that have a lot of information, like an encyclopedia, and cannot be borrowed|
|Renewal||续借||To get more time borrowing a book from the library from its original due date|
|Resource||资源||Books, periodicals, files, and other materials found in a library|
|Scholarly journal||学术的||A journal that publishes academic research and reports on studies conducted|
|Secondary sources||第二手资料||A document or recording that relates or discusses information originally presented elsewhere|
|Style manual||标准手册||A guide to a set of rules for writing a research paper|
|Title||书名||The name given to a book or article|
Uniform resource locator
|统一资源定位器||The location or address of an online resource|
|User ID||用户名||The code you use to log in|