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Evidence-Based Practice: Evidence-Based Nursing

This guide covers using the PICO formula to create research questions and search strategies as well as how to identify and locate information resources at every level, from background information to systematic reviews.

Evidence-Based Nursing


"The practice of nursing in which the nurse makes clinical decisions on the basis of the best available, current research evidence, their own clinical expertise, and the needs and preferences of the patient."

~Evidence-based nursing. (2011). In W. Dorland, Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Health Sciences.

Using PICO to create a research question

Using PICO to generate the question "Is acetaminophen or ibuprofen more effective at reducing fever in children?"

Levels of Evidence

Text source: Melnyk, B.M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2011).  Evidence-based practice in nursing and healthcare: A guide to best practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.

PICO Search Resources