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"The practice of nursing in which the nurse makes clinical decisions on the basis of the best available, current research evidence, their own clinical expertise, and the needs and preferences of the patient."
~Evidence-based nursing. (2011). In W. Dorland, Dorland's illustrated medical dictionary. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Health Sciences.
Using PICO to create a research question
Using PICO to generate the question "Is acetaminophen or ibuprofen more effective at reducing fever in children?"
Levels of Evidence
Text source: Melnyk, B.M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2011). Evidence-based practice in nursing and healthcare: A guide to best practice. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins.
PICO Search Resources
PubMed PICO Search
A convenient PICO search form for Pubmed database.
Trip PICO Search
Trip is a search engine for clinical research evidence. Click the PICO search button to access the form.
CINAHL This link opens in a new window
(pronounced SIN-awl). Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature. Citations & many full-text articles on a variety of health and science topics.
Nursing & Allied Health Database (ProQuest) This link opens in a new window
Articles from over 700 Nursing & Allied Health journals, plus over 12,000 full-text dissertations, covering research in nursing and related fields.