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HHP 473: Undergraduate Culminating Experience: Writing an Annotated Bibliography

Created for students enrolled in HHP473, this guide provides suggested resources and research tips about where to search, how to search, tips for writing an annotated bibliography, evaluating a source and APA citations.

Annotated Bibliography for HHP473

What do I need to include in my annotated bibliography?

For each of your 8-10 sources, you'll need:

  1. Citation - refer to the APA style page of this guide to find resources and examples of APA style
  2. Outline how information was found - what database did you find it in, what search terms did you use, any filters, etc.
    • TIP: Use the research log worksheet below to help track your searches
  3. Annotation - includes a) brief summary + b) YOUR assessment of the article's quality and credibility + c) discuss YOUR critiques of the research or how it fits into your research

Outline How Information was Found

Track Your Searches with a Research Log

Since you need to describe in your annotated bibliography where and how you found your sources, it will be helpful to keep a research log of your research process. A research log is a simple way to track where and how you searched. 

What is an Annotated Bibliography?

What is an annotated bibliography?

Helpful Resources

Summarize Your Source

Summarize Your Source

A summary is:

  • a way of incorporating an author's main idea by using your own words
  • summarizes the whole source, not just a section or key point
  • much shorter than the original piece

Use a summary FREQUENTLY, in cases when:

  • you need to describe the main idea of a book, article or passage
  • referring to an author's major argument
  • describing a theory you plan to apply to your work

Sentence Structure Formulas for Summary:

  • The purpose of [author's] article is to argue [insert summary here].
  • [Author's] thesis boils down to [insert summary here].
  • Numerous researchers have found [insert summary here].
  • In summary, [author] argue[insert summary here].


In summary, Kearney argues that students who understand how to quote, paraphrase, and summarize will write stronger papers and have less of a tendency to plagiarize.


Kearney, V. (2019, March 26). How to teach paraphrasing, quotation and summary. Owlcation. 

Graff, G, & Birkenstein, C. (2018). They Say, I Say: The Moves that Matter in Academic Writing. 4th ed., W.W. Norton & Company.