Skip to Main Content

Annotated Bibliographies

Assessing Steps

After your summary, assess the information resource. 

This provides information on why this information is good information.

Try to answer these questions:

  • Is the information from a scholarly source or is it peer-reviewed?
  • Is the information reliable?
  • Is the information current for the field?
    • e.g. a fast-paced field like medicine has different currency needs than a slower-paced field like history.
  • Is the source authoritative?
  • Is the author an expert on the topic? What are their credentials?
  • Is it biased?
  • What are the limitations of the data they used?

Assess Example

1. Citation:

Newman, P.A., Fantus, S., Woodford, M.R., Rwigema, M. (2017). “Pray that God will change you”: The religious social ecology of bias-based bullying targeting sexual and gender minority youth—A qualitative study of service providers and educators. Journal of Adolescent Research, 33(5), 523-548.

2. Summary:

This study, which concludes that religion plays a role in homophobia, documents bullying trends towards LGBTQ+ teens in Canada through interviews with teachers and therapists.

3. Assess:

This peer-reviewed article presented the results of the well-designed, though small, study which collected data from a diverse population of service providers and used accepted methods to ensure the quality of the data. The Journal of Adolescent Research is well-respected within the field.

Note that annotations are written as one cohesive paragraph. Headings are provided in this example for clarity.