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Literature Reviews

Learn what a literature review is, how to find a topic, gather and read resources, and tips for writing. 

How to transition from a broad topic to a specific question.

Ask yourself the 5W's in order to break down your topic and make it more specific

Who, What, Where, When, Why?

For Example:

Topic: mindfulness in the classroom

Who -  Professors and college students

What - support mental health, behavior, and mood 

Where- College campuses in the Midwest.

When- Now or in the near future.

Why- To reduce stress in college classrooms.


Becomes: Does teaching mindfulness impact stress levels in the college classroom?

When part of a larger paper, you may need to write a  thesis statement, based on your research question. A thesis statement is the way you convey to your reader the main idea of your paper and the points you will make.

This statement relies on the information you learn in the literature review.

This is often done by making a statement that consists of ____ is ____ because reasons 1,2, and 3. 

For example: Mindfulness is beneficial for classrooms because it has been shown to reduce stress, increase productivity and improve overall mood of students and teachers. 

  1. Review what a literature review is, and is not 
  2. Review your assignment and seek clarification from your instructor if needed
  3. Narrow your topic
  4. Search and gather literature resources. 
  5. Read and analyze literature resources
  6. Construct the thesis statement
  7. Write the literature review and the rest of your paper
  8. Review appropriate Citation and Documentation Style for your assignment and literature review